St. Kitts

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St. Kitts, or St. Christophers, is the larger of the two islands that make up the federated nation of St. Kitts and Nevis.

 

The islands are the summits of a submerged mountain range which forms the eastern boundary of the Caribbean Tectonic Plate.
 

From the heights of Brimstone Hill, the town of Sandy Point  can be seen below, and the island of Sint Eustatius in the distance.

 

At a narrow isthmus on the east end, both the Atlantic and Caribbean oceans can be seen as well as the twin island of Nevis a short ferry ride away.

 

Brimstone Hill Fortress, a UNESCO World Heritage site is a well-preserved example of 17th and 18th century military architecture in a Caribbean context. 

 

Designed by the British and built by African slave labour, the fortress testifies to European colonial expansion and the emergence of new societies in the Caribbean.

Basseterre, the capital of the federation, was once the capital of the entire French West Indies, until the expulsion of the French in 1727.

Basseterre has been destroyed many times by colonial wars, earthquakes, fire, floods, riots and hurricanes. Despite that many historical buildings still exist.

 

Sheltered Basseterre Bay is surrounded by lush green hills and mountains. There is rapid expansion of high-end condos and hotels throughout the area.

 

Like most Caribbean countries, the economy centers on duty-free shopping zones near the cruise port.

From Picadilly Circus, to St. Georges Anglican Church and Independence Square, there are reminders of British colonial influence everywhere.
 

The Romney Manor sugar estate was established in 1623. The area has beautifully restored gardens.

 

The estate is now home to Caribelle batik where artisans demonstrate and sell their work.